#DOWNLOAD ¹ Another Turn of the Crank: Essays ß eBook or E-pub free

Every time I read another Wendell Berry book, I fall further in love with his way of thinking This book was published 15 years ago, and it just seems so relevant today And unlike so many pundits who are happy to just grouse about everything that s wrong with America, Berry takes the time to separate the good and the bad of a situation and actually SUGGEST HOW IT COULD BE FIXED.Knowing that there s at least one person out there who has this much good sense gives me hope It makes me want to make myself better It makes me want to try to marry his ideas to mine, to find other people who share those ideas, and start making things work again.Yep, that s some pretty serious gushing But that s how I felt as I read this. I already have a natural inclination towards building community and I ve always been highly idealistic, but shoooooo Wendell Berry always turns up the intensity in my heart towards the ideal life I want to be Wendell Berry when I grow up. #DOWNLOAD ã Another Turn of the Crank: Essays ⚡ This Popular Collection Features Six Essays On Sustainability And Stewardship From One Of America S Most Important Cultural Critics Provocative, Intimate, And Thoughtful, Another Turn Of The Crank Reaches To The Heart Of Wendell Berry S Concern For Our Nation, Its Communities, And Their Future It s been a while since I ve read any of Wendell Berry s essays, and while I once again deeply enjoyed his discussions of the land, agriculture and community and his self described luddite attitude that sometimes verges on grandfatherly grumpiness I became increasingly aware of the limitations of his perspective For all he praises the fertility and abundance of the land in North America, and the community and land ethic if its indigenous peoples, and condemns the consequences of industrialism he never makes the connection between settler colonialism and many of those very same consequences While he can praise the land management techniques of the Menominee, that praise only goes so far as to be taken as direction as how white land owners and communities should behave and relate He doesn t even seem aware of what perspective he is writing from in this case, let alone how to address it There is also, as other reviewers noted, a very strange digression into pro life politics Like Where did that come from Wendell Stay in your lane An insightful collection of essays that got me thinking about aspects of agriculture, food, and local community that I ve never considered before Berry presents his arguments in such a thoughtful, soulful, and rational manner that his writing never feels tedious or pedantic He is a pleasure to engage with even when he argues points I vehemently disagree with and there are a few All in all, a great read filled with plenty of nuggets to meditate on and mull over It definitely made an impact on the way I look at farming and food consumption I have never wanted to join a local food co op and or become an avid frequenter of farmer markets in my life. A short but cutting collection of essays. Like many of Wendell Berry s collections of essays, Another Turn of the Crank is about how to live on planet Earth This book consists of five essays, all of which focus on agriculture and the community Modern farming is much different from traditional farming Here is how Modern farming puts its emphasis on efficiency while traditional farming sees farming as an art.The mass deployment of farming machinery has ousted people from the farm It is as if farmers are specialists who are easily replaceable by other specialist But the reality is worse than that farmers go into the labor force and live on low wages What should we make of that For the rural community, continuous losses of member would ultimately devastate the community both physically and culturally The community would gradually diminish until it is completely eradicated The farmers who temporarily survived, but the fate is forever put at the hands of whom Berry calls absentee owners who are essentially exploitative For the urbannites, they are not secure either The massive production of agricultural produce unequivocally leads to the bad quality of food because of added chemicals, fertilizers and drugs Living far away from the land means they ll know what has been done to their food The same things are plaguing the forest economy Berry s hometown does not have a large forest economy although he does live near a forest, it saddens him that they don t have a forest culture and forest economy so much they have a tobacco culture and tobacco economy Because of that, farmers tend to see trees as a kind of crop which they can harvest and make money from as quickly as possible The consequence is ecological as much as it is financial Such a cheap forest economy is not sustainable and the emphasis on trees that make the most money at the quickest pace brings about monoculture and soil erosion Berry regards local forests critically to the community An ideal forest economy would aim to join the local human community and the local natural community or ecosystem together as conservingly and healthfully as possible Indeed so Berry also addresses the issue of private property and commonwealth He is for private property because only if people have investment can they really be responsible Ownership of the land can naturally make people take good care of it But the land should also be owned by a commonwealth that is the local community Berry associates the private land ownership with intimacy between worker and place and says The possibility of intimacy between worker and place is virtually identical with the possibility of good work Agreed But the right of private ownership does not in any way mean the right to destroy the land Berry s antagonism here is corporations who are granted the legal status of a person but never hold themselves responsible for the damages they do We have the right to use the land and nature We should care for them Care is from religion and it is a religion per se Unprovable it might be, we should believe in it, or else we are reduced to believing the things that can be sensibly disapproved We are not healthy unless we are whole We are only partially whole if we only have a complete body A good personal standard of health not only includes singular integrity, but it also includes communal being We can be healthy and whole if we are in a health community The common misconception with regard to death views death as something to be abhorred and avoided It is a bit ridiculous considering how painful and meaningless people s lives are in the modern context Not to put our own health on the back burner But we should prize the health of our community which we ve all been neglecting. I had read and heard ABOUT Berry so when I saw this in the library, I decided to give it a try.I m torn between a 3 and a 4, but decided to go higher, mostly because of the content The writing did not seem particularly inspiring to me although there are plenty of good sturdy quotable sentences and occasionally Berry s words do become poetic His heart is, mostly, in the right place.The theme of interconnectedness particularly resonates Berry emphasizes that we are only part of the larger world of plants and animals, earth air fire water, stars and galaxies that we are transient caretakers both for the past and the future When we consider only the monetary cost and not the human and ecological onewell, we all see the disfunctional result.Consider what the author has to say about work contrary to all the unmeaning and unmeant polical talk about job creation , work ought not to be merely a bone thrown to the otherwise unemployed.work ought to be necessary it ought to be good it ought to be satisfying and dignifying to the people who do it, and genuinely useful and pleasing to the people for who it is done In our dreams.He s not telling us anything we don t know we ve ceded control of our lives and our environment to multi national corporations, to the global economy , to making Big Bucks Thoughtfulness and kindness are in short supply Both political parties are too beholden to special interests to represent the ordinary citizen The health system is oriented to profit and drugs, not healing Humans are often reduced to expendable parts in the machine.Berry s solutions are small and local and rural and self sufficient And he does have a point when people are invested in their community, they look out for it and its citizens Although Berry does not like cities, this is also and maybe especially true in New York City, my home It is not the anonymous impersonal monolith he and many others envision, but an aggregate of communities, some of which are vibrant and stable and work, and some of which lack cohesiveness and human investment and don t I agree with his wish to support local business, to enourage living and working in your community, owning a part of it, keeping neighborhoods integrated to include a cross section of ages, income levels, beliefs, and though he does not consider this point, ethnicities.But Berry also romanticizes the small rural town He does not address the danger of insularity small self sufficient groups have a tendency to become afraid and intolerant of outsiders, of what is different This is as true in a city community, where citizens live beside and on top of other neighborhoods, as a town miles away from the next one There is always a need for openness to and integration with the larger world.He also seems to see all technology as pretty much negative Better to figure out how to use it in a positive way I don t think it will go away.But I m glad Berry is out there with his ideas Maybe we can t change the entire world, but you have to, and can, start somewhere invest in and care for the place where you live. A difficult book for me It starts amazingly, with powerful, well considered ideas that I agree with strongly It progresses to powerful, well considered ideas I disagree with but still respect because of the mix of experience, emotion, and intellect that Berry employs to make his point.The further the collection progresses, the it descends into bully pulpitism, as when Berry uses an essay about responsible forestry to rail against abortion, or a speech about community health to denounce the entire medical profession I hate to think I m becoming one of those people who can t read anything written by Christian writers, but ultimately, I couldn t connect to writing the paints the world as fallen and argues that the real reason we should care for the environment is to form a relationship with God. I started reading Berry s poetry Years after I began reading his fiction In 2012, I started on his essays I m a fan all the way around There s a certain amount of sentimentality he includes in each genre that never felt gratuitous, especially grounded in the soil of the good soil of robust language and story Reading this book of essays, I found myself for the first time feeling like the Farmer s prophetic voice for our country signaled too little too late Granted, this book of essays compiled in the mid 1990 s may have been right on time and I m the one late to the conversation Still, the social, agricultural and economic changes Berry recommends in many of these essays feel past due My son, Alex, and I read most of this book out loud together mostly because I felt like he needed some Wendell Berry thought in his repertoire before he began his undergrad political science studies Eventually Alex admitted to me that reading the essays frustrated him than anything else I think they run the risk of being irrelevant because they re so demanding impractical Still, Berry s words are full of a wisdom that add hearty nutrients for any reader Perhaps, like the wisdom our parents and grandparents handed down, we benefit by rehearsing their words together, mining them for every amount of practical advice for our current time.One of the passages where I thought OhI think someone paid attention to this warningIf a safe, sustainable local food economy appeals to some of us as a goal that we would like to work for, then we must be careful to recognize not only the great power of the interests arrayed against us but also our own weaknesswe should also understand that our predicament is not without precedent it is approximately the same as that of the proponents of American independence at the time of the Stamp Act and with one difference in our favor in order to do the work that we must do, we do not need a national organization What we must do is simple we must shorten the distance that our food is transported so that we are eating and from local supplies, and to the benefit of local farmers, and and to the satisfaction of the local consumers This can be done by cooperation among small organizations conservation groups, churches, neighborhood associations, consumer co ops, local merlchants, local independent banks, and organizations of small farmers It also can be done by cooperation between individual producers and consumers We should not be discouraged to find that local food economies can grow only gradually it is better that they should grow gradually But as they grow they will bring about a significant return of power, wealth, and health to the people from Farming and the Global Economy , p.6 An example of Berry as a dooming prophet This essay owes its existence to anxiety and to insomnia I write, as I must, from the point of view of a country person, a member of a small rural community that has been dwindling rapidly since the end of World War II Only the most fantastical optimism could ignore the possibility that my community is doomed by the overwhelming victory of industrialism over agrarianism both North and South in the Civil War and the history both subsequent and consequent to itI can not see how a nation, a society or a civilization can live while its communities die from Private Property and the Common Wealth , p 47 Words that will never be outdated We know that we need to live in a world that is cared for The ubiquitous cliches about saving the planet and walking lightly on the earth testify to this.For we not only need to think beyond our own cliches we also need to make sure that we don t carry over into our efforts at conservation and preservation the moral assumptions and habits of thought of the culture of exploitation.And certainly we must preserve some places unchanged there should be places, and times too, in which we do nothing But we must also include ourselves as makers, as economic creatures with livings to make, who have the ability, if we will use it, to work in ways that are stewardly and kind toward all that we must use.We must include ourselves because whether we choose to do so or not, we are included We who are now alive are living in this world we are not dead, nor do we have another world to live in There are, then, two laws that we had better take to be absolute.The first is that as we cannot exempt ourselves from living in this world, then if we wish to live, we cannot exempt ourselves from using the world.If we cannot exempt ourselves from use, then we must deal with the issues raised by use And so the second law is that if we want to continue living, we cannot exempt use from care.A third lawis that if we want to use the world with care, we cannot exempt ourselves from our cultural inheritance, our tradition we are in it because we are born in itBut that only means that the tradition too must be used with care.And so I am proposing that in order to preserve the health of nature, we must preserve ourselves as human beings as creatures who possess humanity not just as a collection of physical attributes but also as the cultural imperative to be caretakers, good neighbors to one another and to the other creatures.When we include ourselves as parts or belongings of the world we are trying to preserve, then obviously we can no longer think of the world as the environment something out there around us We can see that our relation to the world surpasses mere connection and verges on identity And we can see that our right to live in this world, whose parts we are, is a right that is strictly conditioned We come face to face with the lawwe cannot exempt use from care There is simply nothing in Creation that does not matter The Conservation of Nature and the Preservation of Humanity